HCMP2988/2003 (No.2)






  IN THE MATTER of the estate of Chan Lai Fong, Deceased
  IN THE MATTER of Intestates’ Estates Ordinance, Cap.73



  YAM YING HUNG (任應洪) 1st Applicant
  YAM CHOR WUNG (任楚宏) 2nd Applicant
  alias YAM YING TIN (任應端)  
YAM YING KWAN (任應坤) 3rd Applicant
YAM PUI CHUN (任佩珍) 4th Applicant
YAM YING YOWN (任應鏞) 5th Applicant
YAM YING CHEUNG (任應鏘) 6th Applicant
YAM BIG CHUN (任碧珍) 7th Applicant


Before : Hon Yam J in Court

Dates of Written Submissions : 30 June, 23 July and 29 July 2004

Date of Written Judgment : 3 May 2005




1. This is an application of the applicants pursuant to my judgment of 3 June 2004 for an order that the order nisi of no order as to costs should be substituted by an order that the respondent, Secretary for Justice, shall bear the costs of theapplicants. I have the benefit of the written submissions from both parties in lieu of open court hearing.

2. In my original judgment I have said that the capacity of the respondent was to assist the court rather than a contentious litigant. Her appearance was in a sense acting as amicus curiae. This is, however, not part and parcel of the reason of the decision I have made in reaching my conclusion. In other words thisis not the substantive decision made for the purpose of the judgment.

3. The position of the respondent has never been argued for the purpose of the costs order. In reconsidering the respondent’s positionit would not amount to revisiting the substantive decision the court has made. It was submitted by counsel for the respondent thatsuch course should not be allowed — see paragraph 42/5B/1 of the Hong Kong Civil Procedure 2004 as decided in the case of Yaacov Ozer v. Kwan Siu Man (No.2) [1998] 2 HKLRD 1001, CA.

4. In the consideration of what appropriate costs order should be made herein, it is inevitable to reconsider the position of the respondentin these proceedings.

5. The respondent was joined in at the suggestion of the court since the respondent is an interested party. It was clear from the verybeginning that should the applicants be unable to claim the estate of the deceased, the estate would become bona vacantia. As such the Government would be entitled to the estate. The court has enquired from the outset as to whether the respondent wouldclaim bona vacantia or would state its position clear that it would not claimed any part of the estate should the applicants failed in the application. However, Mr Wong for the respondent said he has no instructions from the administration to state that they would not be claimingthe estate. He further pointed out that in the event they should fail in the application herein, they would have to make an applicationto the Administrative Government pursuant to section 4(9) of the IEO.

6. Accordingly, it is true to say, as submitted by counsel for the applicants, that the respondent has been contesting the applicationfrom the beginning (i.e. from the acknowledgement of service dated 30 September 2003) up to the very end of the hearing of the proceedings. Should my decision go to the contrary, the Government would be benefited since the estate would become bona vacantia.

7. Accordingly, I agree with the submission of counsel for the applicants Mr Simon Lam that the position in this case is different fromthe two cases relied on by counsel for the respondent and they are : Wong Shuk-ying and Anor v. Attorney General [1987] HKLR 985 and Yip Yat-tim, the administratrix of the estate of Yu Koon-wan v. Secretary for Justice, HCMP3585/2000 decided on 11 October 2000 (unreported). In the aforesaid two cases cited, counsel for the respondent i.e. the thenAttorney General and later the Secretary for Justice, stated very clearly that they were not contesting the application and they were joined as a party as a matter of formality only. The respondent therein was not opposingthe application.

8. Accordingly, I accept the submission of counsel for the applicants that this is in fact a contentious litigation and the usual costsorder should follow i.e. costs should follow the event.

9. In conclusion, I consider that the fairer costs order is that the applicants should have costs of the proceedings from the respondent,to be taxed if not agreed.

  (D. Yam)
Judge of the Court of First Instance
High Court

Mr Simon W.H. Lam, instructed by Messrs William Sin & So, for the Applicants

Mr Westley W.C. Wong, GC for the Secretary for Justice, for the Respondent