IN THE HIGH COURT OF THE
HONG KONG SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION
COURT OF APPEAL
CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 48 OF 2001
(ON APPEAL FROM HCCC NO. 133 OF 2000)
Coram: Hon Stuart-Moore VP, Stock JA and Lugar-Mawson J in Court
Date of Hearing: 22 March 2002
Date of Judgment: 22 March 2002
J U D G M E N T
Hon Stock JA (giving the judgment of the Court):
1 This is an application for an extension of time in which to seek leave to appeal against conviction and, if successful, an applicationfor leave to appeal against conviction.
2 The applicant faced six counts on an indictment; each count charging rape. He was convicted on 18 January 2001, after a trial beforeDeputy Judge Whaley and a jury, of five of the six counts. He was sentenced to a term of 13 years’ imprisonment in respect of eachcount, to run concurrently; a total, in other words, of 13 years.
3 The 1st Count reads as follows:
4 Each of the subsequent counts is set in the same terms but to allege a rape on a different occasion, albeit on the same day.
5 The facts, very broadly, were that the complainant was a girlfriend, it seems, or so she thought, of one of the named men, Yung;and he lured her to this hut into which burst the two other men, including the applicant, and there then took place a series of rapes,by which each man took his turn in forcing himself upon the complainant, to perform indecent acts and to have sexual intercourse.Only this applicant was on trial, the others having pleaded guilty on another occasion. The complainant’s account placed the applicantas the leader of the activity by which he had directed the others, and also spoke to her telling her that she would have to workas a prostitute, and threatened to burn her home and to cause trouble to her family if she did not agree. The events themselves spannedsome six hours or so. They took place in a hut in Kwai Chung. It was accepted that there was no lighting switched on in the hut,but there was light coming from outside sources, into the details of which it is not necessary to delve. The complainant gave evidenceabout the events, and about the opportunity which she had to observe the applicant.
6 After she was released, she reported the matter to members of her family and on the following day the complainant’s brother foundtwo of the men, not the applicant, and took them to the police. The applicant left Hong Kong in January 1989, and he did not returnto Hong Kong until 26 October 1999. He was then arrested, at which stage he told the police that he was known as “Por Chai” a nameor nickname which happened to coincide with the name of the man whom the complainant said had raped her with the other two. Therewas an identification parade on 11 February 2000 at which the complainant identified this applicant in an identification parade ofnine men.
7 The applicant did not give evidence at trial and the issue – the judge called it the burning issue – was identification. The questionof identification was dealt with very fully, and with all the appropriate warnings, by the trial judge.
8 The applicant says that he failed to file his application in time because he was unfamiliar with legal procedure. This is not a goodreason and no reason is shown why we should entertain this application out of time. We have had regard to the substantive pointshe raises on appeal, but they are without merit.
9 First, he says that the trial judge misled the jury. We have read the summing up and there is nothing in the summing up which wouldwarrant disturbing this conviction. Then the applicant says that the DNA evidence showed that he, the applicant, was not the personwith whom the complainant had contact. There was DNA evidence, but it did not show what the applicant now contends. There was stainsmade by body fluids on the complainant’s jacket, and they showed that the donor of the stains could have been the applicant, or thecomplainant, or any one in six of the local population. The DNA analysis did not exclude the applicant as a possible source of contact.
10 He then points out, quite correctly, that it was 11 years between the offence and the identification parade, and he asserts thatthe complainant might have made an error. Coupled with this is an attack on the fairness of the parade, and a suggestion that theinspector in charge deliberately placed himself in front of the applicant, so as to hint to the complainant who the culprit was.This is not a point that was suggested by counsel at trial. Moreover, we note that the applicant had the benefit of a lawyer presentat the parade itself. We have watched a video tape of the relevant part of the identification parade. There is nothing in the point.
11 In the circumstances this application for leave to appeal out of time is dismissed.
Applicant in person
Ms Lynda M A Shine, SGC of the Department of Justice for the Respondent