CHU CHEUK HONG v. R.

CACC000159/1992

IN THE COURT OF APPEAL

1992, No. 159
(Criminal)

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BETWEEN
THE QUEEN
AND
CHU CHEUK HONG

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and

1994, No. 893 to 1256
Magistracy Appeal

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THE QUEEN
AND
SIU HAI KA AND OTHERS

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Coram: Hon Macdougall, V-P, Penlington, J.A. and Leonard, J.

Date of hearing: 7 December 1994

Date of judgment: 7 December 1994

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JUDGMENT OF THE COURT

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Macdougall, V.-P.:

These are two references by the Governor which for the sake of convenience can be dealt with together.

1. Following the decision of the Privy Council in A.G. v. Lee Kwong-kut [1993] AC 951 delivered on 19 May 1993 in which it was held that section 30 of the Summary Offences Ordinance Cap 228 had been repealed by the Bill of Rights Ordinance Cap 383, an exhaustive search was conducted in all court, police and dutylawyer scherne records to identify all cases in which defendants had been convicted of offences under section 30 subsequent to thecoming into operation of the Bill of Rights Ordinance.

2. That search resulted in the discovery of 364 such convictions in the Magistrates Courts and one in the District Court. The 364 personsaffected by the convictions in the Magistrates Court form the subject of one of the References while the remaining person forms thesubject of the other.

3. The Crown, very properly, does not seek to uphold these convictions.

4. In the light of the decision to which we have referred we order that the conviction recorded against each of the persons named inthe two References be quashed and that each sentence be set aside.

(Neil Macdougall) (R G Penlington) (D J Leonard)
Vice President Justice of Appeal Judge of the High Court

Representation:

Mr Casewell for Crown Prosecutor

Mr James C C Cheng assigned by DLA for applicants

IN THE COURT OF APPEAL

1991, No. 419
(Criminal)

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BETWEEN
THE QUEEN
AND
JACKY WONG CHAI CHUNG

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Coram: Hon. Pehlington, Nazareth and Bokhary, JJ.A.

Date of hearing: 16 March 1994

Date of judgment: 16 March 1994

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J U D G M E N T

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Penlington, J.A.:

5. This is the judgment of the court.

6. On the 21st August 1991 the applicant was committed on two counts of conspiracy to defraud, contrary to Common Law, and was sentencedto concurrent terms of two and four years imprisonment. He applied for leave to appeal against conviction and that application washeard from the 1st to the 10th July 1992. In a judgment delivered on the 4th September 1992 the application was refused.

7. The applicant had, in his application for leave to appeal, included an application in respect of his sentences but at the hearingof the application leading counsel on his behalf abandoned that part of the application. The applicant now seeks leave of this courtfor an order that the abandonment of the application for leave to appeal against sentence be treated as a nullity and he be allowedto proceed with that application.

8. The ground on which this application is made is that when he was advised by his counsel to abandon the application for leave to appealagainst sentence, he was not informed that a relevant factor in mitigation of sentence had not been argued before the trial judgeprior to sentence and it should have been placed before the Court of Appeal. That factor was that the applicant had, before trial,made partial restitution to the defrauded party, the Hang Lung Bank Ltd (Hang Lung) of $6.8 million and, after sentence and whilestill in prison, a further $5.48 million was paid. These payments were accepted by Hang Lung in full settlement of its claims againstthe applicant. Reliance that restitution may be a ground of mitigation is placed on R. v. Kwok Lai-ling, [1989] 1 HKLR 418.

9. The leading decision on the circumstances in which an application for leave to appeal against sentence which has been abandoned canbe reinstated is Medway [1976] 62 CAR 85.

10. In Medway, Lawson J. reviewed all the earlier decisions and it is quite clear from them that there must be quite exceptional circumstancespresent before an appeal which has been abandoned can be re-instated. It would seem from the decisions referred to in Medway in particular those of Peters (1973) 58 CAR and 328 Wilkinson (1975) unrep., that bad legal advice may be a ground for holding that the appellant’s mind had not gone with his act of abandonment.It must however be a fundamental mistake. He must be making a mistake as to his act, not as to his prospect of success.

11. The question of repayment being a mitigating factor was considered in R. v. Kwok Lai-ling. It was held that such payments were only such a factor if made before or in the early stages of criminal proceedings as showingremorse. They are not to be so considered if they were made in the hope of a reduction in sentence.

12. Having considered the evidence in this case, which this court went into fully when considering the application for leave to appealagainst conviction, we are satisfied that the payments were not made out of any feelings of remorse at all. They were made at a timewhen the applicant was still denying that he had been guilty of fraud. It was his case at all times that be was the victim of fraudby the authorities in China. There was no suggestion that during the trial judge was not aware of the payments but it was certainlynot conceded in any way that such payments showed guilt on the part of the applicant or were paid from the money which Hang Lunghad lost.

13. We have read the affidavits filed herein regarding the medical condition of the applicant’s wife. They are such that no court couldpossibly not have feelings of the very deepest sympathy for her but we are satisfied that on clear principles this application mustbe refused and any alteration in the applicant’s sentence can only be by the Executive in exercising the Her Majesty the Queen’sprerogative of mercy.

(R.G. Penlington) (G.P. Nazareth) (K. Bokhary)
Justice of Appeal Justice of Appeal Justice of Appeal

Representation:

Mr. John Swaine, Q.C. & Mr. Richard Wong instructed by (Pang, Wan & Choi) for Applicant

Mr. I. McWalters, Acting S.A.C.P. for Crown