HCPI 1241/2000






CHAN KIN HUNG and CHAN YU KI the administrator of the estate of KAM MO CHING, deceased Plaintiffs
CHEUNG SUK YEE POLLY (張淑儀) 1st Defendant
SHIU MAN HEI (蕭文曦) 2nd Defendant


Coram: Hon Suffiad J in Chambers

Date of Hearing: 18 September 2001

Date of Ruling: 4 October 2001




1. This is an application by the 1st and 2nd defendants for Futher and Better Particulars of the plaintiffs’ Statement of Claim whichapplication is opposed by the plaintiffs.

2. The plaintiffs’ claim, in so far as it is outlined by the plaintiffs’ counsel in his submission, is said to be a very simple one.The plaintiffs are the administrators of the estate of Kam Mo Ching, deceased, and bring this claim on behalf of the estate of thedeceased for personal injuries sustained by the deceased as a result of the alleged negligence of the 1st and 2nd defendants.

3. The deceased, a female, died in February 2000 from breast cancer. The 1st and 2nd defendants are both Oncologist and/or OncologicalSurgeons in private practice. The deceased was, between December 1994 until June 1998, a private patient of both the 1st and 2nddefendants and under their care for the treatment and consultation of breast cancer.

4. It is the plaintiffs’ case that upon the advice of the 1st and 2nd defendants, the deceased underwent a hepatic resection (i.e. asurgical operation to remove a part of the liver) in October 1997 after it was diagnosed that the cancer had spread to her liverin December 1996.

5. The claim against the defendants, as outlined by counsel for the plaintiffs in his submission, is simply that the defendants werenegligent in that they had advised the hepatic resection without fully and properly advising the deceased and/or her husband as tothe effects, consequences and/or the benefit of hepatic resection; that if they had been so properly advised in that respect thedeceased would not have agreed to such an operation.

6. The detailed particulars of the negligence complained of are pleaded in paragraph 7 of the Statement of Claim.

7. As a result of such negligence, it is alleged that the plaintiffs endured an unnecessary major operation from which she took threemonths to recover, suffered pain and discomfort, was unable to properly enjoy time spent with her husband and daughters and sufferedmental depression and mental injury after learning that the hepatic resection had no effect to her metastatic breast cancer in herliver and that operation did nothing to extend her life expectancy.

8. The claim is for damages for pain suffering and loss of amenities by the deceased and also for special damages in the manner particularized.

9. In so far as counsel was outlining the plaintiffs’ claim that seemed simple enough to understand what the plaintiffs’ case was andwhat case the defendants needed to meet. However, once the Statement of Claim (which was settled by solicitors and not by counsel)is looked at against counsel’s outline of the plaintiffs’ case, numerous shortcomings in that pleading becomes apparent. Two majorexamples of which are as follows :

(a) Counsel for the plaintiffs in his submission said that the word “chemotherapy” used in the Statement of Claim and/or the earlierparticulars supplied by the plaintiffs means “high dose chemotherapy and bone marrow transfer”; and

(b) It was also part of the submission of plaintiffs’ counsel that the word “cure” used in the Statement of Claim does not mean curein the sense that the ailment of the deceased could be healed completely since it is accepted by the plaintiffs that there is nocure for metastatic breast cancer. Rather it is now apparent from counsel’s submission that the word “cure” in the plaintiffs’ pleadingsis used to mean a hope of extending the deceased’s life expectancy.

10. I agree with Mr Ismail, counsel for the defendants, that it is all very well for the plaintiffs’ counsel to stand up in court andsay this when the defendants are asking for further and better particulars, however, the defendants can only tie down the plaintiffsto its pleaded case or on the particulars supplied and not on what counsel says in submission at a hearing for further particulars.

11. To that extent therefore, the pleadings of the plaintiffs will either have to be amended or further particulars supplied by them.

12. A further point made by the defendants’ counsel is that some of the particulars already given by the plaintiffs are not supportedby the contents of the expert reports of the plaintiffs already disclosed to the defendants. I do not think very much of this pointfor the purpose of this application for the following reason. While this may be a valid point at final submission to say that theplaintiffs have failed to prove some of the matters pleaded, at this stage, when the defendants are asking for further and betterparticulars, I am not concerned how the plaintiffs are going to prove the case which they plead. Indeed the defendants are not evenentitled to ask for evidence. They are only entitled to ask for particulars. As long as sufficient particulars are given so thatthe defendants knows what is the case which they have to meet and be able to tie the plaintiffs down to its pleaded case, that wouldsuffice.


13. Under paragraph 5(r) of the Statement of Claim, some particulars of the details of the follow-up treatment has already been givenby the plaintiffs in its letter dated 7 June 2001. However, the last sentence of that answer to the defendants’ request states “Anyfurther details of treatment are better known to the 1st defendant.”. This cannot be a proper answer to a request for particulars.Again in his submission counsel for the plaintiffs stated that the plaintiffs are not able to give any further particulars in sofar as that request is concerned. That would be a proper answer to a request for particulars because that will sufficiently tie theplaintiffs down to their case, but that was not the answer given. To that extent I will order the further particulars sought.

14. Under paragraphs 5(s) and 5(t) of the Statement of Claim, I will order the dates of the consultations to be given as further particularswhich the defendants are entitled to or the best particulars that can be given of such dates of consultations.

15. In respect of the request for further and better particulars under paragraphs 6(b), 7(b) and 7(c) of the Statement of Claim, oncethe defective pleadings and/or particulars relating to the use of the words “chemotherapy” and “cure” are corrected so as to properlyplead the full intent of the meanings which the plaintiffs legal adviser intends to convey by the use of those words, the problemarising from those paragraphs will no longer exist. To that extent I shall hold this matter over until the plaintiffs’ counsel can,within the time which I shall specify, be in a position to let counsel for the defendants have sight of the proposed amendments whichwill be made to the Statement of Claim.

16. Lastly, in respect of paragraph 8(5) of the Statement of Claim, I am satisfied that the particulars of the mental injury of the deceasedhas already been sufficiently pleaded and I shall make no order in respect of the request under that paragraph.

17. I shall further order that the plaintiffs have 28 days from the day of this order to renew their application to amend the Statementof Claim and that if, after having sight of the proposed amendments, the defendants have no dispute thereto, such amendments maybe dealt with by way of Consent Summons between the parties, alternatively there be liberty to restore the Plaintiff’s summons forhearing before me.


18. As already indicated above, this application for further and better particulars was necessitated by the untidy way in which the pleadingsand the particulars given by the plaintiffs presented itself. Moreover this application was opposed at the hearing before me. I seeno good reason why costs should not follow the event.

19. Accordingly there will be a cost order nisi that the cost of the application and the hearing for such further and better particularsbe borne by the plaintiffs in any event.

(A.R. Suffiad)
Judge of the Court of First Instance,
High Court


Dr Douglas Jones, instructed by Messrs Yip, Tse & Tang, for the Plaintiffs

Mr Anthony Ismail, instructed by Messrs Johnson, Stokes & Master, for the Defendants